NAFTA has been complemented by two other regulations: the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) and the North American Agreement on Laboratory Cooperation (NAALC). These agreements should prevent companies from moving to other countries to take advantage of lower wages, more flexible health and safety rules for workers and more flexible environmental rules. During the election campaign, President Donald Trump promised to repeal NAFTA and other trade agreements that he considered unfair to the United States. On August 27, 2018, he announced a new trade agreement with Mexico to replace him. The U.S.-Mexico trade agreement, as it has been called, would maintain duty-free access for agricultural products on both sides of the border and eliminate non-tariff barriers, while encouraging more agricultural trade between Mexico and the United States and effectively replacing NAFTA. Critics of NAFTA have been concerned from the outset that the deal with U.S. Canada has yet to be adopted by its parliamentary body starting in January 2020. Mexico was the first country to ratify the agreement in 2019. “The USMCA will give our workers, farmers, ranchers and businesses a high-level trade agreement that will lead to freer markets, fairer trade and robust economic growth in our region. It will strengthen the middle class and create good, well-paying jobs and new opportunities for nearly half a billion people who call North America home. The debate on the impact of NAFTA on signatory countries continues.
While since the implementation of NAFTA, the United States, Canada and Mexico have experienced all the economic growth, higher wages and increased trade, experts disagree on how much the agreement has actually contributed to these benefits, if any, in terms of jobs in American manufacturing, immigration and consumer goods prices. The results are difficult to isolate and other important developments have taken place on the continent and around the world over the past quarter century. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was implemented to promote trade between the United States, Canada and Mexico. The agreement, which eliminated the largest number of tariffs on trade between the three countries, entered into force on 1 January 1994. Many customs duties, particularly in the agriculture, textile and automotive sectors, were gradually withdrawn between 1 January 1994 and 1 January 2008. . .